Significance of Self-Organized Social Movements

Significance of Self-Organized Social Movements

During the course of the political history, we have seen people following leaders, purely based on their charisma. Rather, being obsessed with the charisma of political leaders, the individuals of a society can form ideas for betterment, with respect to their ethnicity. In adverse political clouts, such ideas can be beneficial to them in treading the right path. In order to do so, firstly, one has to cultivate a personal inclination towards the history of one’s own ethnicity. Secondly, time has to be spent qualitatively to garner insight, over the subject of inclination, amidst the current day’s mechanical life. Thirdly and most importantly, open-mindedness has to be encouraged within self.

Well, an individual seems, to foster an inclination to dig deep into his/her ethnicity’s history, to be ready to manage his/her time to effectively obtain deep understanding on his subject of inclination and, to be open-minded. With the mind-set of the individual being so flexible to learn things, all she/he least requires is to have access to resource materials such as books, magazines etc., that offer authentic contents, from which they could acquire the required knowledge. This is where the necessity of Self-Organized Social Movements, which are meant for the betterment of their respective ethnicity, that possess knowledgeable and committed members led by a personality, comes into the picture.

Self-Organized Social Movements are the ones that with much care have been encouraging the sayings and the deeds of various political and non-political leaders across generations in a consistent manner, to translate their progressive ideologies. They have been the ones that have been rendering a fortification to the ideologies formulated by their founder and the follower leaders pertaining to their ethnicity.

In the absence of robust movements, the ideologies and the actions of their respective leaders, in the course of time, will be deliberately distorted by the camps that hold opposite ideologies. In some other cases, certain individuals will fail to understand the ideologies propagated by the leaders and eventually, interpret them incorrectly. In the worst case scenario, some leaders of the movement will be forgotten even by the people who have to celebrate them. The above said facts clearly illustrate the potentials of Self-Organized Social Movements in driving the attitudes of the concerned people and thereby, implicitly stress their significance in the society for its progress.

Glimpse of the piece showcasing the aftermath of the proposed Constitution 123rd Amendment Bill

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Glimpse of the piece showcasing the aftermath of the proposed Constitution 123rd Amendment Bill

I happened to read the Cover Story article in the magazine, ‘The Modern Rationalist’ (May 2017) titled, ‘CONSTITUTION 123rd AMENDMENT BILL’ contributed by Dr. Justice A.K.Rajan, former Judge of Madras High Court. The write-up proffers an insight pertaining to the aftermath the conferment of the Constitutional powers with the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC), which is likely to be on par with the National Commission for the Scheduled Castes (NCSC) and the National Commission for the Scheduled Tribes (NCST), through the proposed 123rd Amendment of the Indian Constitution. It is apparent that the NCBC is to be vested with status and powers on the basis of the amendment. At present, the law which establishes and regulates NCBC is the National Commission for Backward Classes Act 1993 [Act 27 of 1993]. But, the Act has been proposed for repeal through the National Commission for Backward Classes (Repeal) Bill, 2017. One could infer that, both NCSC and NCST have been functioning with Constitutional powers vested upon them vide Articles 338 and 338A respectively. Through the proposed 123rd Amendment of the Indian Constitution, a new Article 338B is about to be included that is meant for conferring Constitutional powers to NCBC.

Following are excerpts from the article of Dr. Justice A.K.Rajan:

* The rights of States to identify the SEBCs so far exercised have been deprived to the level of mere consultation with them.

* Sub clause 5 (c) of Article 338B clearly eliminates the participation and the advice of the State concerned in the planning process of the socio – economic development of its SEBCs. As per the clause, NCBC is permitted to render only an advice on the socio – economic development of its SEBCs. This is in contrast to the way in which Articles 338 and 338A allow the NCSC and NCST in participating and advising on the planning process of socio – economic development of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes respectively.

* Articles 341 and 342 confer powers that the President may specify the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes respectively. The provision 342A (1) has been inserted in the Bill in similar line conferring, Constitutional powers on the President to specify the SEBCs for the Central List. An amendment to Article 366 by adding sub clause 26(C), says that the socially and educationally backward classes mentioned as part of the provision 342A will be considered for the purposes of the Constitution.

* For almost 50 years, Tamil Nadu Government tried to include the community called ‘Nari – Kurvas’ also known as ‘Kuruvikkaran’ in the list of Scheduled Tribes with the Centre but in vain. Finally, the Tamil Nadu Government included the community in the list of SEBCs.

At the end of the write-up, ‘CONSTITUTION 123rd AMENDMENT BILL’, the author suggests modifications to the Articles 342A (1) and 342A (2) and newly adds Articles 342A (3) and 342A (4) to the Constitution.

Modifications specified in the Articles 342A (1) and 342A (2) and newly added Articles 342A (3) and 342A (4) as stated in the write-up are meant thus:

Article 342A (1):

Central List of SEBCs is meant for the purposes of making provisions for reservation of posts under Government of India or under any other authority of Government of India or under the control of the Government of India or seats in the central educational institutions. Modification is suggested that President may specify on the request made by the Governor instead of consultation.

Article 342A (2):

President may include or exclude the SEBCs in the Central List as per the advice of NCBC instead of enactment of legislation for that purpose.

Article 342A (3):

State List of SEBCs meant for the purposes of making provisions for reservation of posts under that State or under any other authority of the State or under the control of the State; or seats in the educational institutions within that State. The Governor of the State specifies the SEBCs for that State.

Article 342A (4):

The Governor may on the advice of the State Commission for Backward Classes include or exclude any class from the State List of SEBCs.

The above mentioned improvisations ensure the continuance of a federal polity in India. Now, all what we the citizens of India can do is to wait to know on what is in pipeline for the States to be provided by the Centre.

Gregor Johann Mendel – Father of Modern Genetics and his Life Lessons

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Gregor Johann Mendel – Father of Modern Genetics and his Life Lessons

Whenever people, on an extensive scale, discuss deeply or even initiate and engage in propaganda to promote the contributions or ideals of certain personalities in some sort of public platforms, I automatically get these thoughts: Why, all of a sudden, are most people talking about a personality who long back had passed away? Why weren’t the contributions or ideals celebrated as they are being now than when the respective individuals were alive? What kinds of circumstances are making most people hand-pick such persons, regard them in high esteem, debate their works and eventually term them to be momentous?

Of late, by chance, I revisited the news of exposition of Gregor Johann Mendel’s paper on genetics, ‘Experiments on plant hybridization’, which many of us would still be remembering of having a brief outlook, on this greatest path-breaking experiment, in our school studies. For me, by then in my schooldays, the chapters comprising Mendel’s works in my Botany book were a piece of information meant for knowledge acquisition and of course, to effectively reproduce my comprehensions in the examinations. But now with my view, which I have garnered reading the societies’ behavior in recognizing the contributions or discoveries of individuals, it appears apparently to me that rather than primarily focusing on one’s deeds with an intention of receiving instant recognition, one’s active and an honest participation in one’s own passion is what that counts a lot.

If not Mendel’s passionate pull towards his experimentation, amidst his pastoral duties in church, related to plant hybridization then there wouldn’t have been presentations about his findings as a paper, ‘Experiments on plant hybridization’ at two meetings of the Natural History Society of Brno in Moravia in 1865. As an immediate follow-up to the presentation, despite the recognition being minimal, reports in local newspapers showcased his discovery. Thereby, in 1990, independent rediscoveries of Mendel’s works on genetics by Erich Von Tschermak, Hugo de Vries, Carl Correns and William Jasper Spillman conceded Mendel’s priority. At a later time, the scientific fraternity went on to claim Mendel as the ‘Father of Modern Genetics’. These historical events clearly suggest that Gregor Johann Mendel was indeed phenomenal in ensuring a breakthrough in his topmost priority i.e. his work related to genetics and keeping secondary the process of promoting his research which was not noticed significantly then. Likewise, one’s passion should be fed by providing well defined results driven by an uncompromising effort by the corresponding person. If not an instant recognition, there are high chances for the outcome to gain prominence when a need arises for the value of the content at some point of time, in future.

Isn’t it essential to know about the history, prior to the British Raj, to have a deliberation on the contemporary society?

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Isn’t it essential to know about the history, prior to the British Raj, to have a deliberation on the contemporary society?

For a person to dissect the issues, which have been plaguing his/her society for a longer time period, it is unarguably essential for the person to garner insights about the root cause of such issues. What if the root cause had originated in an era that is prior to the British Raj? So, isn’t it absolutely necessary to dig further into that era to unearth the dark history of his/her ancestors?

A cursory view at the pre-British Raj era suggests us that by then a plot was perfectly set in a ruthless manner to rip off the birth rights of an innocent society. People, who were, by themselves belonging to the land and, meant to protect the fellow people, offer them their rights, educate them dutifully, patronize their culture, literature and language were pathetically not so. In the literal sense, rulers with the advice of the priesthood did allow the categorization of the people on the basis of their birth. In other words, it was an act of proffering an ample space to the ‘concerned’ to unleash an absolute ‘degradation’ of the fellow citizens.

This practice by the rulers had continued across dynasties (Both, who were belonging to the land and were alien to it). What the innocent minds could have done with no education and thereby, fewer outlooks, then? Eventually, it led to the dilution of the self-respect among the people. If not the rise of few selfless leaders, at a later point of time, few among us wouldn’t have ‘woken’. Even in the current day scenario, the act of ‘invasiveness’ and the tendency of remaining subjugated that was sown in the mind-sets of our ancestors, over a period of time, still seems to prevail among many of us. So, isn’t it essential to know about the history, prior to the British Raj, to have a deliberation on the contemporary society and remain ‘woken’ forever?